Bad breath in medical terms is called halitosis. It is the result of poor oral hygiene and dental habits and is ultimately the cause of health problems. It is a common advice to “Brush the teeth twice a day, in the early morning and before going to bed” but we generally ignore it and as a result in the long run we face dental problems. Bacteria builds up in our teeth and in between them and particularly on the tongue and between our gums, causes unpleasant foul smelling gases. This also causes tooth decay and gum problems.
If you don’t brush your teeth on the regular basis, the food between your teeth in the mouth is broken down by the oral bacteria which causes foul smell. This causes bad breath. The bacterial growth between the teeth on the rough surface of the tongue and in between your gums can also cause serious dental problems. Hence, it is always recommended to brush teeth two times a day.
There are many ways by which bad breath can be caused. Odour-causing bacteria can also cause bad breath. Smoking and chewing tobacco products can cause bad breath which can irritate and damage your gums, reduce your ability of tasting foods.
If you have a bad breath that it can cause a lot of problems to you as well as people around you. It can be very frustrating for the person who is with you the complete day. The bad odour from your mouth the complete day can be very irritating for him and ultimately cause the bad impression of yours in his mind. As a result, the person will try to remain away from you forever because no one can withstand a foul odour smell. This peer pressure from people around you can lower down your self-confidence and will hamper your growth in long run.
Bad breath does not only impact people around that person but also to him also. Bad breath can cause gum diseases in long run, plaques in between the teeth and ultimately damages gums and teeth. It also causes dental caries and yeast infections in the mouth. Some particular food materials like onion and garlic and alcohol can cause bad breath. Xerostomia also called as Dry mouth, a medical condition also causes bad breath. Saliva keeps the mouth moist and if it is not produced then the mouth becomes dry. If our mouth is then dry for a long period of time, it causes bad breath. Many respiratory tract infections like bronchitis, pneumonia and gastro-intestinal diseases like diabetes and liver and kidney problems can also cause bad breath. Fasting and low-carbohydrate diets can also cause bad breath.
In this regard, we spoke to Peter Walsh, who runs Birkbeck, about the most common causes and he advised us that “usually poor cleaning techniques or dental problems are the cause of bad breath”. He also said the same fact, hence it maintaining oral hygiene becomes become mandatory and important for everyone.
Determining the cause of bad breath can be a bit difficult but not impossible. Hence, it is always advised to consult a dentist and get to the root cause of the problem. The dentist can either start your treatment by analysing your condition or refer to some other dentist such the one who is specialised in a particular part of the mouth. A periodontist is the one who is specialised in the treatments of gums particularly.
An anti-bacterial mouthwash can help you get rid of bad breath and reduce the foul odour smell from the mouth of an individual. A person should brush his/her teeth twice a day and if required after eating food so that food particles does not deposit in between the teeth and gums. Always keep your tongue clean. Drink lots of water which help to keep mouth moist and reduce the occurrence of bad breath. Do not consume tobacco-based products and alcohol which may cause problems. Also, try to maintain the logs of food consumed in a day and then figure out which causes bad breath. Regularly visit your doctor for oral problems and other issues so that there are less chances of these problems. You can also follow professional cleaning practices. Generally, doctors nowadays have instruments by which they can easily remove plaque between the teeth. But for the very first step always follow good oral hygiene practices. These small little steps can help you live longer and give your teeth longer life.